Indonesia has seriously endeavored to strengthen its National Innovation System (NIS). Nonetheless, more concerted efforts have to be made in order to have a better working Indonesian NIS so as to improve Indonesia’s global competitiveness. The recent evaluation on the state of science and technology (S&T) development in Indonesia is officially incorporated into the National Mid-Term Planning 2020-2024. The situation analysis concluded that there are four major issues in the area of S&T development, which need to be addressed in Indonesia’s NIS:
• How to increase the utilization of science and technology as the driver of sustainable economic growth
• How to increase the capability for technology adoption and innovation
• How to develop the innovation ecosystem
• How to increase the effectiveness of Science, Technology, Innovation (STI) Fund
Considering the mentioned problems and development objective of the Indonesian STI system, it is very timely to address three important leveraging questions:
• How a think tank can promote STI development, what type of STI think tank to establish, and how to operate it?
• As part of funding mechanism reform, how to manage a research endowment fund, including the institutional arrangement for research endowment fund in the Indonesian context?
• How to plan and manage national research and innovation programs (R&D programs) effectively, what are the structure and mechanisms to do it, including the actors and process of national R&D programs?
2. 2020 K-Innovation with Indonesia
The 2020 K-Innovation ODA Program with Indonesia has three objectives. The first objective is to support Indonesian policymakers and researchers in implementing policy recommendations on the Research and Development (R&D) strategy plan, Science and Technology Park, and evaluation of STI Policy and R&D governance from the 2018-2019 KInnovationProgram. The second objective is to increase capacity building and provide consulting on ‘Arrangement of Science, Technology, and Innovation (STI) Governance: Coordination Mechanism; Institutional Framework & Financial System; and Investment in Indonesia’. The last objective is to strengthen STI cooperation between Korea and Indonesia as part of Korea’s New Southern Policy.
The 2020 K-Innovation ODA Program consists of four activities: kick-off seminar, joint research to produce a policy consulting report, capacity building, and dissemination workshop (which changed to the form of seminar due to COVID-19). The first phase is to hold a kick-off seminar between the STEPI team and LIPI to discuss the details of activities. At the kick-off seminar, Korean experts give presentations about Korean practices on the themes with the participation of Indonesian experts from the Ministry of Research and Technology to the Ministry of National Development Planning (Bappenas).
Korean experts collaborate with LIPI researchers for joint research on three themes: building a new think tank for STI in Indonesia; R&D funding and Research Endowment Fund; and Management and Evaluation System of the National Research Program. Three teams supervised by Korean experts assign focal points for Indonesian researchers. The capacitybuilding program for Indonesian researchers in Korea is an important part of K-Innovation. Nonetheless, the COVID-19 pandemic hinders organizing a capacity-building program for Indonesian researchers in Korea. Thus, K-Innovation encourages Korean experts to utilize videoconferencing instead to share Korean practices and exchange ideas on the themes they are responsible for. The last activity of K-Innovation is to hold a dissemination seminar wherein the research teams can present and receive feedback on the outcomes of the policy consulting from the K-Innovation ODA Program from Indonesia’s STI community. In addition to the dissemination seminar, Korean and Indonesian esearchers work to publish academic papers based on the outcomes of 2020 K-Innovation.
Chapter 1. Project Overview
Chapter 2. Overview of Policy Consulting on the Arrangement of STI Governance: Coordination Mechanism, Institutional Framework & Financial System, and Investment in Indonesia
Chapter 3. Building a New Think-tank for Science, Technology and Innovation in Indonesia
Chapter 4. R&D Funding and Governance of Research Endowment Fund in Indonesia
Chapter 5. Management and Evaluation System of the National Research and Development Program in Indonesia
Chapter 6. Conclusion