Sri Lanka is a lower middle-income country with population of 21.2 million and per capita GDP of $3,946 as of 2019. Since the civil war ended in 2009, the GDP growth rate in Sri Lanka has averaged 5.88% from 2003 until 2017, reflecting a peace dividend and a commitment to reconstruction and growth. The economy is transitioning from what was previously a predominantly rural-based economy toward a more urbanized one oriented toward manufacturing and services.
The main focus of the policies and economic reforms as stated by the previous government of Sri Lanka was a knowledge-based social market economy. Likewise, the vision proposed by the current new government of President Gotabaya Rajapaksa is “a productive citizen, a happy family, a disciplined society, and a prosperous nation.” In this context, the Sri Lankan government has announced its intention to promote Science, Technology, and Innovation for the achievement of SDGs and pursue a technology-based society.
Sri Lanka has formulated various policies including the National Science and Technology Policy (2008), Science, Technology, and Innovation Strategy for Sri Lanka(2011) and the National Research and Development Framework (2016) for the development and utilization of science and technology. Nonetheless, the country still lacks implementable action plans that fit or change the political, social, and economic contexts of the country, according to the project concept paper submitted by the government of Sri Lanka.
After the successful training provided by STEPI to STI policy experts in Sri Lanka in 2018, the two-year policy consultation project started with generous funding from the government of the Republic of Korea in 2019. The training was aimed at improving the STI policy capacity of Sri Lankan STI policy makers and experts in order for them to gain deeper understanding and insights of STI policy and strategy development. It also helped government officials from various ministries and STI stakeholders obtain appropriate knowledge of policy analysis techniques and mechanisms for R&D commercialization. In the new project on policy consultation, the STEPI-NASTEC collaborative works have been designed to examine the STI development experiences of both countries and share knowhow and knowledge of STI for economic and societal developments together.
As an advisory body to the Government of Sri Lanka on Science and Technology, the National Science and Technology Commission (NASTEC) requested that STEPI identify impediments to the effective implementation of major STI policies and develop incentivebased strategies such as action plan to eliminate or minimize such impediments during the 2019-2020 project. Thus, the STEPI-NASTEC project focused on the assessment of the overall national STI system in Sri Lanka to diagnose the current status of the STI system, governance including the current STI resources, and capabilities and challenges during the first year of the project. In 2020 as the second year of the project, experts from both countries examined the STI action plans in agriculture of both countries and shared methodological policy tools and skills to develop implementable action plans.
This report, which is the second-year STEPI-NASTEC collaborative project's output, contains the first draft on three sub-areas written by the NASTEC and its designated experts and the revised draft on the same three sub-areas written by Korean experts in STI-agriculture. While the global pandemic hindered the active off-line discussions and meetings among experts in two countries, insightful advice was provided, and interactive online workshops and meetings were successfully held throughout the project. As the two-year project has ended, this is expected to bring about more fruitful outcomes, contributing to the sustainable bilateral ties between Korea and Sri Lanka and national STI development, and Sri Lanka growth.
□ Sri Lanka
Chapter 1. Project Overview
Chapter 2. Current Status of Agriculture in Sri Lanka
Chapter 3. Science, Technology and Innovation Action Plan for Agriculture Sector Fruits and Vegetable Crops Sri Lanka 2021-2025
Chapter 4. Revised STI Action Plan for Agricultural Sector Sri Lanka by Korean Experts
Chapter 5. Conclusion