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Title STEPI In-House Seminar on “Major Issues of US Science and Technology Innovation Policy and Prospect of Clean Energy Innovation”
Date 2018-10-29 Hit 47  

The Office of Multilateral Cooperation Project invited Professor David M. Hart (George Mason University, USA) on October 10th and held a seminar on the subject of 'Major issues of US Science and Technology Innovation Policy and Prospect of Clean Energy Innovation.'

  

Professor Hart introduced the major changes in Trump's STI (Science Technology Innovation) policy in terms of R&D budget, personnel placement, regulation, and foreign policy. Unlike the Obama administration, which actively pursued STI policies such as expanding the White House Science and Technology Policy Office and significantly expanding R&D budgets for STIs, the Trump government is taking the opposite policy as he appointed scientists who opposes to climate change to the Secretary of Science and Technology, and greatly cut the budget of Ministry of Energy related to energy efficiency.

   

However, the Senate is strongly supporting R&D budgets for clean energy, so there was no significant impact on the final R&D budget approval. In addition, the state of California has shown a remarkably different step from the Trump government including the maximization of energy efficiency through expansion of new and renewable energy and the announcement of reducing greenhouse gas emissions at the state level (reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by 2030 compared to 1990). There is also a "We Are Still In" state movement in the United States that still supports the Paris Climate Change Convention.

   

Professor Hart explained about the clean energy innovation policy of the US after the withdrawal from Paris Convention focusing on power, transportation, and R&D. He said that openness of national research report and expansion of user participation at the Ministry of Energy, strengthening local energy innovation system, improvement and reformation of energy technology demonstration program, regulatory reformation, tax breaks based on technology diagnosis innovation, and strengthening international cooperation in RD&D are necessary for the improvements in R&D policy, physical science, expansion of engineering R&D funding,

   

Following Professor Hart's presentation, STEPI researchers had an in-depth discussion on R&D policies and budgets of the US as well as regulations and prospects for electric vehicles and renewable energy policies.

   

Professor Hart is currently a full-time faculty member at George Mason University School of Public Policy and served as assistant director of the Obama White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP).